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Origen  Serra do Salitre
Altura  1.200 masl.
Variedad  Red Catuaí
Proceso  Carbonic Maceration natural 168h
Productor  Andrade Brothers
São Silvestre -the meaning of which is “Wild”- is the name that this beautiful farm received from its owners, the Andrade brothers, due to its natural beauty and good climate.

The farm is surrounded by an incredible landscape, a place to stop and reflect while appreciating the extension of the plantations, the Paranaíba River that runs through the farm and the natural beauty of the landscape.

The São Silvestre farm belongs to the Andrade brothers, a family with a long coffee-growing tradition.

São Silvestre Carbonic 168h coffee from Brazil

A Little History of the Andrade Family

The history of the Andrade family begins in 1901, with their ancestors on the Capim Branco farm, in Carmo do Paranaíba, Alto Cerrado, state of Minas Gerais.

With the aim of producing high quality coffees, the new generation of the Andrade family established their farms in this region during the 1970s.

São Silvestre Carbonic 168h coffee from Brazil
In the early 1990s, with the need to expand coffee production and improve quality and volume, the brothers acquired the São Silvestre farm in Serra do Salitre, a state of Minas Gerais.

The good conditions of the region, the impeccable management of the crops, the planning and the post-harvest with advanced processes of cherries selection and natural drying, has resulted in excellent quality coffees that have won prizes throughout the world.

São Silvestre Carbonic 168h coffee from Brazil

The São Silvestre State

The farm’s volcanic soil is perfect for growing the Catuaí Amarillo, Catuai Rojo and Icatú Amarillo varieties, which thrive and account for most of the farm’s production.

The geographical area in which the farm is located meets the ideal climatic and land conditions for the cultivation of specialty coffee.

It is not strange that it is here where some of the best natural coffees in Brazil are produced.

Carbonic Maceration in coffee

Carbonic maceration is a fermentation method that involves storing whole cherries in a stainless-steel barrel and keeping them in an environment rich in carbon dioxide.

According to Maxwell Colonna-Dashwood, author of The coffee dictionary, fermentation can have a drastic impact on the characteristics of a coffee.

Changes in temperature, time, sugar, and bacteria can produce very different results.

When coffee is fermented for the right amount of time, it can refine qualities like acidity, body, and sugars.

But if the fermentation goes on too long, it usually produces a vinegary taste that reduces its characteristics.

This coffee has been chosen by the producers because it is the most suitable to carry out this fermentation.

São Silvestre Carbonic 168h coffee from Brazil

The processing of this lot S.S. Carbonic 168h natural

The first thing is to choose the most suitable type of coffee for this method.

The variety chosen in this case has been the red Catuaí for the high levels of glucose and fructose it contains, measured with the help of a refractometer.

Only the cherries that are fully ripe should then be picked to ensure that they contain the highest levels of glucose and fructose.

Once picked, the cherries are transported to the washing station on the farm where they are floated and selected for their density.

This separates the cherries that are not ripe enough from those that are.

São Silvestre Carbonic 168h coffee from Brazil
The remaining cherries are passed through a machine that detects colour and again separates the cherries that may have been strained in the previous process and are not yet ripe.

Once the selection process is complete, the coffee cherries are stored in a stainless-steel bioreactor to ferment in a controlled environment rich in carbon dioxide at a constant temperature of 20 degrees.

In this case, the cherries have been fermented for 168 hours.

The fermentation process, when done correctly, helps enhance the organoleptic profile of the coffee.

After fermentation, the coffee cherries are transported to raised beds where they are allowed to dry slowly (approximately 32 days).

A slow drying process favours greater uniformity in the coffee.

São Silvestre Carbonic 168h coffee from Brazil

BSCA Foundation

In 1991, thanks to the initiative of twelve producers -including the Andrade brothers- who foresaw the opportunities that investment in quality coffee would bring, the BSCA (Brazilian Specialty Coffee Association) was founded.

The BSCA supports small coffee producers in the region and helps them increase quality, which improves sustainability.

The association also helps producers find organic coffee importers from around the world.

São Silvestre Carbonic 168h coffee from Brazil
São Silvestre Carbonic 168h coffee from Brazil

Our relationship with coffee farmers

We have already worked with several lots from the Andrade Brothers of Finca São Silvestre, a relationship that we seek to strengthen in the future by following our purchasing philosophy: ensuring the best possible lots while helping to improve the conditions of the farmer at origin.

By establishing long-term relationships, we guarantee a fair price for the farmer year after year, which allows him to invest and focus on the quality of the lots.

A relationship that promotes mutual benefit and the improvement of conditions in the coffee chain.

São Silvestre Carbonic 168h coffee from Brazil
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