Chelichele from Yirgacheffe
According to political boundaries, the station is in Gedeb Woreda but according to the congruence of microclimates and tastes, the station and the farms that deliver to it are in Yirgacheffe.
This washed from Worka Chelichele station is bursting with the delicate florals, jammy berries and peach we all know and love from Yirgacheffe.
Farming methods in the region remain largely traditional.
Yirgacheffe farmers typically intercrop their coffee plants with other food crops.
This method is common among smallholders because it maximizes land use and provides food for their families.
Organic by default
In addition to remaining traditionally intercropped, most farms are also organic-by-default.
Farmers in Yirgacheffe typically use very few—if any—fertilizers or pesticides. Most farm work is done manually by the immediate family.
To capitalize on the magnificent climate, Worka Chelichele provides training to help farmers produce better quality cherry.
Training focuses on procedures for harvesting and transporting cherry.
Harvest and post-harvest
At the station, employees hand sort incoming cherry to remove any under – or over – ripes or damaged cherry.
Cherry is then pulped and fermented for 36 to 48 hours in the station’s 12 standardized fermenting tanks.
After fermentation, parchment is washed in clean water and transferred to some of the station’s 360 raised drying beds where they will dry for approximately 18 days until they reach 11.5% moisture content.
They mark all drying beds with a code that makes it simple to keep track of traceability and processing status.
Coffee in Gedeb
According to a 2007 census, about 11% of the population lived in urban areas.
The rest of the population lives in rural areas and are predominately subsistence farmers.
Families typically farm small plots of land near their homes and intersperse food crops with coffee and other cash crops.
The majority of coffees grown in Gedeb are local landrace varieties (which are often also called Ethiopian Heirloom).
Other varieties grown in the region were developed by the Jimma Agricultural Research Centre (JARC).
JARC is an important research center for Ethiopia and has done a great deal of work on developing disease resistant and high yielding varieties that still demonstrate quality in the cup.
Most farmers in the region farm on fewer than 5 hectares (many counting their coffee farms in terms of trees rather than area).
Cultivation methods are traditional for the most part, with coffee being grown as part of an integrated ‘coffee garden’ intercropped with other food crops.
Coffee in Ethiopia
While full traceability has been difficult in recent history, new regulations have made direct purchasing possible.
Partnering directly with farmers to help them produce top quality specialty lots that are now completely traceable, adding value for farmers and roasters alike.
The exceptional quality of Ethiopian coffee is due to a combination of factors.
In addition to varieties, processing methods also contribute to end quality.
The final key ingredients for excellent coffee in Ethiopia are the producing traditions that have created the genetic diversity, processing infrastructure and great coffee we enjoy today.
As a result, most coffee is grown with no chemical fertilizer or pesticide use. Coffee is almost entirely cultivated, harvested and dried using manual systems.